That's not a good way to understand it. It isn't a distinction of bad/worse, bias and ideological racism mean two different things. I actually think in terms of the negative effects felt by people of color, bias is a MUCH bigger problem than actual ideological racism and white supremacy, just because it's a lot more prevalent and it can much more easily infiltrate institutional structures. The reason that distinction is important is just because, unlike ideological racists who are cognizant of their beliefs, people with bias . They think they're hiring/voting/judging based on merit and it just so happens that 3/4 of the time the white person is more deserving. They don't think of themselves as racists, and if you want to reach them, and build the kind of coalition that wins election, you can't just label 80% of the population (and it is 80% of the goddamn population) as "racists who need to fuck right off." You just can't be that direct about it. I'd love to live in a world where we could tell it like it is 100% of the time, but that world isn't the world of politics, at least.